G.K. India - Online Study

Study Notes and Chapters for General Knowledge - Online Preparation for Bank Exams


General Knowledge of current affairs and ancient India is an important section for high scoring in Bnak PO and Clerical Exams for SBI, RBI, RRB and IBPS. In this section we try to cover the ancient Indian History and some ancient Indian General Knowledge likely to be asked in Bank Exams of India for SBI and IBPS. Free study notes and PDF downloads for General Knowledge of India are also available under the links given in this section. Again this is not analyticl study or mathematical appliction, so it becomes very easy to score high i Bnak Exams if GK is strongly prepared.

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General Knowledge and General awareness is a very high scoring section. One should thoroughly prepare and perform well in this section. Here you can learn :

  • Ancient history of India
  • Gain yinsights of Indian culture
  • Score high in general knowledge section of Bank Exams
  • Became an exeprt in limited time
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Ancient India Timeline - Summary

17. Ancient India Timeline


17.1 Pre Historic

70000 - 50000 BC:  Migrations to India through Land bridges

8000 - 5000 BC:  Rock art in Bhimbetka, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.

17.2 Indus Valley Civilization

3000 BC: Beginning of the Indus Valley Civilization

2500 BC: Establishment of the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro in the Indus Valley

2000 BC: Decline of the Indus Valley Civilization

1600 BC: India is invaded by the Aryans from the west who drive away the Dravidians

1100 BC: With the discovery of iron, Indo-Aryans start using iron tools


17.3 Vedic Period


1000 BC: One of the earliest Holy Scripture, Rig-Veda is composed

750 BC: Indo-Aryans rule over 16 Mahajanapadas (16 Great States) in northern India, from the Indus to the Ganges

700 BC: Beginning of the caste system, with the Brahmans taking the highest class

600 BC: The Upanishads are composed in Sanskrit


17.4 Rise of Jainism and Buddhism


543 BC: Bimbisara of Bihar conquers the Magadha region in the northeast

527 BC: Prince Siddhartha Gautama attains enlightenment and becomes the Buddha

500 BC: The ascetic prince Mahavira establishes Jainism in northern India
493 BC: Bimbisara dies and is succeeded by Ajatashatru

461 BC: Ajatashatru expands the Magadha territory and dies shortly afterwards


17.5 Mauryan Period


327 BC: Alexander the Great of Macedonia invades the Indus valley, fights the famous battle with Porus

304 BC: Magadha king Chandragupta Maurya buys the Indus valley and establishes the Maurya dynasty with Pataliputra as the capital

300 BC: Ramayana, a famous epic is composed

300 BC: Chola dynasty establishes his kingdom over southern India with capital in Thanjavur

290 BC: Chandragupta's son Bindusara, extends the empire to the Deccan region

259 BC: Mauryan emperor Ashoka converts to Buddhism and sends out Buddhist missionaries to nearby regions

220 BC: Maurya dynasty expands to almost all of India

200 BC: Mahabharata, another famous epic is composed

200 BC: Andhras occupy the east coast of India

184 BC: Maurya dynasty ends and marks the beginning of Sunga dynasty

150 BC: Patanjali writes the "Yoga Sutras"

100 BC: Bhagavata Gita is composed
78 BC: End of Sunga dynasty

17.6 Golden Age

50 AD: Thomas, an apostle of Jesus, visits India

50 AD: The first Buddhist stupa is constructed at Sanchi

200 AD: The Manu code puts down the rules of everyday life and divides Hindus into four major castes (Brahmins, warriors, farmers/traders, non-Aryans)

300 AD: The Pallava dynasty is established in Kanchi

350 AD: The Sangam is compiled in the Tamil language in the kingdom of Madurai and the Puranas are composed

380 AD: Two giant Buddha statues are carved Buddhist monks in the rock at Afghanistan

390 AD: Chandra Gupta II extends the Gupta kingdom to Gujarat

450 AD: Kumaragupta builds the monastic university of Nalanda

499 AD: Hindu mathematician Aryabhata writes the "Aryabhatiyam", the first book on Algebra

500 AD: Beginning of Bhakti cult in Tamil Nadu

528 AD: Gupta Empire sees a downfall due to continuous barbaric invasions

550 AD: Chalukyan kingdom is established in central India with capital in Badami

600 AD: Pallava dynasty governs southern India from Kanchi

606 AD: Harsha Vardhana, a Buddhist king builds the kingdom of Thanesar in north India and Nepal with capital at Kannauj in the Punjab

625 AD: Pulikesin extends the Chalukyan Empire in central India

647 AD: King Harsha Vardhana is defeated by the Chalukyas at Malwa

650 AD: Pallavas of Kanchipuram are defeated by the Chalukyas

670 AD: Pallavas establish themselves at a new city at Mamallapuram

750 AD: Gurjara - Pratiharas rule the north of India and the Palas establish themselves in eastern India

753 AD: Rashtrakutas, a Chalukya dynasty, expands from the Deccan into south and central India

775 AD: Chalukyas defeat the Rashtrakutas and move the capital at Kalyani

800 AD: Many kingdoms are created in central India and in Rajastan by Rajputs

846 AD: Cholas get back their independence from the Pallavas

885 AD: Pratihara Empire reaches its peak and extends its empire from Punjab to Gujarat to Central India

888 AD: End of the Pallava dynasty

985 AD: Rajaraja Chola extends the Chola Empire to all of south India and constructs the temple of Thanjavur

997 AD: Mahmud of Ghazni raids northern India

998 AD: Mahmud of Ghazni conquers the area of Punjab

1000 AD: Chola king Rajaraja builds the Brihadeshvara Temple in Thanjavur

1019 AD: Mahmud Ghazni attacks north India and destroys Kannauj, which is the capital of the Gurjara-Pratihara Empire

1050 AD: Chola Empire conquers Srivijaya, Malaya and the Maldives

1084 AD: Mahipala raises the Palas to the peak of their power

1190 AD: Chalukya Empire is split among Hoysalas, Yadavas and Kakatiyas


Medieval India Timeline

17.7 Muslim Invasions


1192 AD: Mohammad of Ghori defeats Prithvi Raj, captures Delhi and establishes a Muslim sultanate at Delhi

1206 AD: The Ghurid prince Qutub-ud-din Aibak becomes the first sultan of Delhi

1250 AD: Chola dynasty comes to an end

1290 AD: Jalal ud-Din Firuz establishes the Khilji sultanate at Delhi

1325 AD: The Turks invade and Muhammad bin Tughlaq becomes sultan of Delhi

1343 AD: The southern kingdom builds its capital at Vijayanagar (Hampi)

1345 AD: Muslim nobles revolt against Muhammad bin Tughlaq and declare their

independence from the Delhi sultanate. The Bahmani kingdom is established in the Deccan.

1370 AD: Vijayanagar kingdom takes over the Muslim sultanate of Madura in Tamil Nadu

1490 AD: Guru Nanak Dev Ji establishes Sikhism and the city of Amritsar
1497 AD: Babur, a ruler of Afghan, becomes the ruler of Ferghana and establishes the
Mughal dynasty in India


17.8 The Moghul Empire


1530 AD: Babur dies and his son Humayun succeeds as the next Mughal emperor

1540 AD: Babur's son Humayun loses the empire to Afghan Leader Sher Shah and goes into exile in Persia

1555 AD: Mughal king Humayun comes to fight Sher Shah and regains India

1556 AD: Humayun dies and his son Akbar becomes one of the greatest rulers of India

1605 AD: Akbar dies and is succeeded by his son Jahangir

1611 AD: East India Company is established in India by the British

1617 AD: Jahangir's son, Prince Khurram receives the title of Shah Jahan

1627 AD: Shivaji establishes the Maratha kingdom

1631 AD: Shah Jahan succeeds Jahangir and builds the world famous Taj Mahal 1658 AD: Shah Jahan's son Aurangzeb seizes power

1707 AD: Aurangzeb dies, destabilizing the Mughal Empire

Modern India Timeline


17.9 The British Rule

1751 AD: Britain becomes the leading colonial power in India

1757 AD: British defeat Siraj-ud-daulah at the Battle of Plassey

1761 AD: Marathas rule over most of northern India
1764 AD: Britain expands to Bengal and Bihar

1769 AD: A famine kills ten million people in Bengal and the East India Company does nothing to help them

1773 AD: Warren Hastings, governor of Bengal establishes a monopoly on the sale of opium. Regulating Act passed by the British.

1793 AD: Permanent Settlement of Bengal
1799 AD: British defeat Tipu Sultan
1829 AD: Prohibition of Sati by law

1831 AD: Administration of Mysore is taken over by East India Company

1848 AD: Lord Dalhousie becomes the Governor-General of India

1853 AD: Railway, postal services & telegraph line introduced in India

1857 AD: First War of Indian Independence also known as Revolt of 1857 or Sepoy Mutiny

1858 AD: British Crown officially takes over the Indian Government

1877 AD: Queen of England is proclaimed as the Empress of India

1885 AD: First meeting of the Indian National Congress

1899 AD: Lord Curzon becomes Governor-General and Viceroy of India

1905 AD: The First Partition of Bengal takes place

1906 AD: Muslim League is formed

1912 AD: The Imperial capital shifted to Delhi from Calcutta

1919 AD: The cruel Jallianwalla Bagh massacre takes place due to protests against the Rowlatt Act

1920 AD: Non-cooperation Movement launched

1922 AD: Chauri-Chaura violence takes place due to Civil Disobedience Movement

1928 AD: Simon Commission comes to India and is boycotted by all parties

1930 AD: Salt Satyagraha is launched as an agitation against salt tax. First Round Table Conference takes place

1931 AD: Second Round Table Conference takes place and Irwin-Gandhi Pact is signed

1934 AD: Civil Disobedience Movement is called off

1942 AD: Cripps Mission is formed; Quit India Movement is launched; Indian National Army is formed.

3rd June 1947 AD: Lord Mountbatten's plan for partition of India comes into light
15th August 1947 AD: Partition of India and Independence from the British rule


Summary of Archaeological Periods


8000 -- 4000 BCE        Neolithic Period

4000 -- 3150 BCE        Chalcolithic Period

3150 -- 2900 BCE        Early Bronze Age I

2900 -- 2600 BCE        Early Bronze Age II

2600 -- 2300 BCE        Early Bronze Age III

2200 -- 1950 BCE        Middle Bronze Age I

1950 -- 1550 BCE        Middle Bronze Age II

1550 -- 1400 BCE        Late Bronze Age I

1400 -- 1200 BCE        Late Bronze Age II

1200 -- 1000 BCE        Iron Age I

1000 -- 586 BCE           Iron Age II



Pre historic    till 3000BC

Ancient times 3000 BCE - 1100 AD

Medieval times 1100AD - 1700AD

Modern Times 1700AD and on


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