G.K. India - Online Study

Study Notes and Chapters for General Knowledge - Online Preparation for Bank Exams


General Knowledge of current affairs and ancient India is an important section for high scoring in Bnak PO and Clerical Exams for SBI, RBI, RRB and IBPS. In this section we try to cover the ancient Indian History and some ancient Indian General Knowledge likely to be asked in Bank Exams of India for SBI and IBPS. Free study notes and PDF downloads for General Knowledge of India are also available under the links given in this section. Again this is not analyticl study or mathematical appliction, so it becomes very easy to score high i Bnak Exams if GK is strongly prepared.

Team - Laqshya ..

What you will learn

General Knowledge and General awareness is a very high scoring section. One should thoroughly prepare and perform well in this section. Here you can learn :

  • Ancient history of India
  • Gain yinsights of Indian culture
  • Score high in general knowledge section of Bank Exams
  • Became an exeprt in limited time
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Indian Geography And Languages/Dress Etc..

15.  Indian Geography and Languages/Dress etc..

15.1. Geography

Covering an area of 3.28 million sq kilometers, India is the seventh largest country in theworld. The mainland of India extends between 8 4 ' N and 37 6' North Latitude and 68 7 ' and 97 25 ' East Longitudes. It is 1/ 3 rd size of the US. There are 28 states in India.

Originally there were 25 states, but then 3 NEW states created in NOVEMBER of 2000.


1.      Andhra Pradesh          

2.      Arunachal Pradesh     

3.      Assam                            

4.      Bihar                              

5.      Chhattisgarh

6.      Goa

7.      Gujarat

8.      Haryana

9.      Himachal Pradesh

10.  Jammu and Kashmir

11.  Jharkhand                     

12.  Karnataka

13.  Kerala

14.  Madhya Pradesh

15.  Maharashtra

16.  Manipur

17.  Meghalaya

18.  Mizoram

19.  Nagaland

20.  Orissa

21.  Punjab

22.  Rajasthan

23.  Sikkim

24.  Tamil Nadu

25.  Tripura

26.  Uttar Pradesh

27.  Uttarakhand

28.  West Bengal


 The 29th State of india is formed in 2014 Telangana


15.2. Languages - The mother tongue of India is Hindi.  English language is the commonly used official language of India. It enjoys a special status and remains the additional official language of India. It is also the authoritative legislative and judicial language. Apart from the more widely spoken English and Hindi, there are the various regional languages as well. In fact, each state of India has its own official language, apart from the numerous dialects. However, the 8th schedule of the Constitution of India lists 22 such regional languages only, giving them official status.

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri/Meitei, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.

Food reflects a perfect blend of various cultures and ages. Just like Indian culture, food in India has also been influenced by various civilizations, which have contributed their share in its overall development and the present form. Foods of India are better known for its spiciness. Throughout India, be it North


India or South India, spices are used generously in food. But one must not forget that every single spice used in Indian dishes carries some or the other nutritional as well as medicinal properties.

Though  it  can  be  more  broadly classified into North, South, East and west, Let us try to classify a little more into detail. Most of the world knows Indian food as food prepared with  CURRY.   For  Indians   Curry means a blend of spices depending on what  is  going  to be  prepared.Curry has freshly ground spices like Turmeric, Cumin Seed, Cilantro seed,black pepper and plenty more. The following are different types of cuisines: Kashmiri, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Uttarpradeshi, Bengali, Tamil, Malayali, Telugu, Kannada, Marathi are to name a distinct few. Of course there are a variety of sweets from different parts of the country. After the food Paan (Betel nut) in various forms are provided. Anytime you are visiting India, be brave to try a different variety.


15.3. Music - Indian Music can be classified into Classical, Folk and Popular Music (Known
more as Bollywood). The two main branches of classical music are Hindustani (North
Indian) and Carnatic (South Indian). They are distinctly different entities, though both at their core are built on the twin principles of raga/ragam  (melody) and tala/talam (rhythm).  Classical Music is performed in a more formal setting of 2 to 3 hour concerts. They are also sung in Temples and functions in 5 to 10 minute format. Folk music is immensely rich and diverse. Folk music is played during weddings, and religious festivities.  Some  of  them  accompany  a story line. The newer styles like Indo-jazz fusion,  bhangra  pop  from  Punjab  are played with different instruments. Popular  Music - Indian  Movies  are entrenched  with  songs  and  dances which  are  commonly  known  around the world as Bollywood. These are 5 to 10 minutes in length and have theme lines to go with the movie.


15.4. Dance - Classical - Some of the more classical ones are Bharatanatiyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali, Mohini Attam, Odissi, Kathak and Manipuri. Indian folk and tribal dances are simple dances, and are performed to express joy. Folk and tribal dances are performed for every possible occasion, to celebrate the arrival of seasons, birth of a child, a wedding and festivals. The dances are extremely simple with minimum of steps or movement. Each form of dance has a specific costume. Most costumes are flamboyant with extensive jewels. While there are numerous ancient folk and tribal dances, they are more specific to the states.



         UP = Nautanki , Ras Lila, Kajri, Karan.

         Gujarat = Dandiya, Ganpathy, Raslila, Garba.

         Goa = Dhakto, Shimgo, Golf, Talagadi, Tongamel, Musssal Khel, Corridinbo.

         Daman = Gherba ( during Diwali )

         Pndicherry = Poorakkali, Kolkali, Mascarada.

         Tamil Nadu = Peacock dance, Horse dance, Rope, Bamboo dance, Karagam, Kavadi.

         West Bengal = Kathi, Chhau, Baul, Kirtan.

         Karnataka = Suggi Kunitha, Kola-atta, Yakshagana.

         Maharashtra = Dahikala, Tanassa, Dasaratar, Lezim, Dandaniya, Gafa,

         Kathakeertan, Lovani.

         Bihar = Jata Jatin, Gadur, Chhau, Kathaputli, Bakho, Natna.

         orissa = Ghumara Sanchar, Chadya, Dandante.

         Andhra Pradesh = Ghanta Mardala, Veedhi Natakam (Street Play ), Burrakatha.

         Himachal Pradesh = Nati, Gurkhali, Bhangra & Raslila.

         Punjab = Bale Bale, Giddha, Jummer, Ludi Sami.

         Haryana = Phag, Loor, Dhamal, Jhoomer, Daph.

         Rajasthan = Dhumer, Rai, Babajee, Garba, Ger, Lari, Dhokri, Gorba, Talwar, Natch,Shankaria.

         Chhatisgarh = Panthi, Danda, Sarhul, Raut, Suaa, Karma.

         Uttaranchal = Jagar, Chaufulla, Jhumaila, Jhoda.

         Jharkand = Karma, Jhumri, Panwari, Jogida.


15.6. Dress - Indian traditional dresses are unique and  can  be  recognized  very  easily.     The culture, religion, languages spoken and attire of the people of India are as diverse as the landscape  of  this  vast  country.  Due  to  its diversity this cultural hub does not have just one dress, which can be called as the National Dress or Indian Dress.


15.7. Indian  Festivals

Indian Festivals celebrated  by  varied cultures and through their special rituals add to the colors of Indian Heritage. Some festivals welcome the seasons of the year, the harvest, the rains, or the full moon. Others celebrate religious occasions, the birthdays of divine beings, saints, and gurus (revered teachers), or the advent of the New Year. A number of these festivals  are  common  to  most  parts  of  India. However, they may be called by different names in various parts of the country or may be celebrated in a different fashion. India has a national Holiday for Diwali, Id and Christmas. All major religious festivals are celebrated equally. Here are some of them:Pongal, Maha  SHivarathri, Holi, Raksha Bandhan, Ram Navami, Mahavir Jayanti, Baisakhi, Budha Poornima, Rath Yatra -Orissa, Onam, Krishna Janmashtami, Navratri, Dussera, Diwali, Gurpurab, Easter, Christmas, Id-ul-Fitr, Id-Ul-Zuha


15.8. Rivers

Rivers -  Seven major rivers along with  their  numerous  tributariesmake up the river system of India. The  important  rivers  in  India  are Ganga, Indus, Bhahmaputra,Narmada, Tapti, Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri, Mahanadi, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi,  Beas,  Sutlej,  Bharathapuzha, Periyar & Pumba.



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