Computer Knowledge - Exam Oriented
1. Computer Networks
A network is any collection of independent computers that communicate with one another over a shared network medium. A computer network is a collection of two or more connected computers. When these computers are joined in a network, people can share files and peripherals such as modems, printers, tape backup drives, or CD-ROM drives. When networks at multiple locations are connected using services available from phone companies, people can send e-mail, share links to the global Internet, or conduct video conferences in real time with other remote users. When a network becomes open sourced it can be managed properly with online collaboration software. As companies rely on applications like electronic mail (E-Mail) and database management for core business operations, computer networking becomes increasingly more important.
Every network includes:
� At least two computers Server or Client workstation.
� Networking Interface Card's (NIC)
� A connection medium, usually a wire or cable, although wireless communication between networked computers and peripherals is also possible.
� Network Operating system software, such as Microsoft Windows NT or 2000, Novell NetWare, Unix and Linux.